Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 272-277.doi: 10.24920/003597

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

低能量激光在修复颌面部神经损伤方面的研究进展

安普根,赵继志()   

  1. 中国医学科学院 北京协和医学院, 北京协和医院口腔科,北京 100730
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-15 出版日期:2020-09-30 发布日期:2020-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 赵继志 E-mail:zhaojizhi@126.com

Advance in Functional Restoration of Injured Nerve with Low Level Laser and its Utilization in the Dental and Maxillofacial Region

An Pugen,Zhao Jizhi()   

  1. Department of Stomatology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China
  • Received:2020-03-15 Published:2020-09-30 Online:2020-09-25
  • Contact: Zhao Jizhi E-mail:zhaojizhi@126.com

摘要:

下牙槽神经和面神经是支配颌面部肌肉最重要的两条神经。下牙槽神经及面神经损伤是牙槽外科、正颌外科术后主要的并发症之一。损伤神经的功能恢复慢,治疗效果也不理想。近年的研究证实:低能量激光辅助治疗能有效恢复损伤神经的功能。在此我们总结了激光辅助治疗促进神经功能恢复的作用机制及其在颌面部神经损伤方面的临床应用。

关键词: 低能量激光, 神经损伤, 功能恢复, 口腔颌面外科

Abstract:

The inferior alveolar nerve and facial nerve are the two most important nerves in the dental and maxillofacial region. The injury to them is one of the major postoperative complications after alveolar surgery and orthognathic surgery. However, recovering the nerve function after injury takes a long time and the recovery effect tends to be unsatisfactory. In recent years, an intensively investigated technique, low level laser which has been applying in assisting the recovery of nerve function, has been gradually proved to be effective in clinically treating postoperative nerve injury. In this article we review in terms of the mechanisms involved in low level laser-assisted functional restoration of nerve injury and its clinical application in the recovery of nerve function in the dental and maxillofacial area as well.

Key words: low level laser, nerve injury, functional restoration, dental and maxillofacial surgery

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