Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ›› 2022, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (3): 234-239.doi: 10.24920/004143

• 科学数据共享与重用: 数据论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国流动人口常见疾病及其影响因素:2017年横断面调查数据集

张胜发1,罗葳2,马玉环2,王志理3,陈晶4,*(),周芳4,张晓宇2,周伟2,*()   

  1. 1北京师范大学法学院,北京100875,中国
    2中国医学科学院国家人口健康科学数据中心,北京100730,中国
    3中国人口与发展研究中心,北京100081,中国
    4国家卫生健康委流动人口服务中心,北京100088,中国
  • 收稿日期:2022-07-13 接受日期:2022-09-06 出版日期:2022-09-30 发布日期:2022-09-23
  • 通讯作者: 陈晶,周伟 E-mail:okokok_cj@163.com;rkjkpt@pumc.edu.cn

A National Cross-Sectional Survey Dataset on Common Disease and Influencing Factors of Chinese Internal Migrants in 2017

Shengfa Zhang1,Wei Luo2,Yuhuan Ma2,Zhili Wang3,Jing Chen4,*(),Fang Zhou4,Xiaoyu Zhang2,Wei Zhou2,*()   

  1. 1Law School, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2National Population Heath Data Center, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100730, China
    3China Population and Development Research Center, National Health Commission, Beijing 100081, China
    4Migrant Population Service Center, National Health Commission, Beijing 100088, China
  • Received:2022-07-13 Accepted:2022-09-06 Published:2022-09-30 Online:2022-09-23
  • Contact: Jing Chen,Wei Zhou E-mail:okokok_cj@163.com;rkjkpt@pumc.edu.cn

摘要:

本文描述了2017年中国流动人口常见疾病及其影响因素的全国性横断面调查数据集。该调查是2017年中国流动人口卫生计生动态监测调查(一项针对全国流动人口的年度大规模全国性调查)的一个重要组成部分。调查以15岁以上的流动人口及本地户籍人口为调查对象,根据2016年中国流动人口年报数据为抽样框,采用分层、多阶段、与规模成比例的概率比例规模抽样法(probability-proportional-to-size sampling,PPS)。数据集中获得的抽样人群包括来自国内8个城市的13,998名流动人口和14,000名本地户籍居民。该调查搜集调查对象及其家庭成员的人口学信息、流动或居住意向、健康状况、医疗卫生服务、社会融合状况、包括高血压、2型糖尿病、腹泻、发热、皮疹、黄疸、结膜发红、感冒等身体损害在内的常见疾病患病情况以及其相关影响因素的信息。该数据集是中国调查流动人口常见疾病及其影响因素的规模最大和最具代表性的数据集,可用于研究中国流动人口常见疾病的患病情况及其影响因素,并为政府改善流动人口的医疗服务可及性和公共卫生服务公平性提供数据支持。

关键词: 卫生服务, 流动人口, 人口调查, 常见疾病, 影响因素, 中国

Abstract:

This data article describes the dataset from a national cross-sectional questionnaire survey on Chinese internal migrants in 2017. The survey was part of the Chinese Migrants Dynamic Survey, which is an annually conducted large-scale national questionnaire survey on internal migrants. The respondents in the described dataset were migrants and registered local residents aged over 15 years old. A multistage stratified probability-proportional-to-size (PPS) sampling method based on the 2016 annual report data of China Migrant Population was adopted. The questionnaire was designed to collect demographic information of respondents and their family members, intention of migration or settlement, health status, health services accessibility, social integration, and epidemic influencing factors of common diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, diarrhea, fever, rash, icterus, conjunctival redness, cold, and other illnesses or injuries. The sample population in this survey include 13,998 internal migrants and 14,000 registered local residents from eight domestic cities / prefecture / districts across China. It is the most widely covering and highly representative dataset on common diseases and influencing factors of internal migrants in China. The dataset can be used to study common diseases and influencing factors among floating Chinese population. It provides data support for government to improve healthcare accessibility and the equity of public health services for internal migrants in China.

Key words: health services, floating population, population survey, common diseases, influencing factors, China

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