Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 225-230.doi: 10.1016/S1001-9294(14)60075-4

• ORIGINAL ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Inhibition of Xanthine Oxidase Activity by Gnaphalium Affine Extract

Wei-qing Lin1, 2, Jian-xiang Xie3, Xiao-mu Wu2, *, Lin Yang2, Hai-dong Wang1, 2, *   

  1. 1Nanchang University School of Medicine Graduate School, Nanchang 330006, China 2Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine, Jiangxi Provincial People’s Hospital, Nanchang 330006, China; 3Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine, Jiangxi Provincial Children’s Hospital, Nanchang 330006, China
  • Received:2014-06-16 Online:2014-11-28 Published:2014-11-28
  • About author:**Corresponding author Tel: 86-791-86895722, E-mail: Xiao-mu Wu, wuxm79@163.com, Hai-dong Wang, whd1999@gmail.com

Abstract: Objective To evaluate the inhibitory effect of Gnaphalium affine extracts on xanthine oxidase (XO) activity in vitro and to analyze the mechanism of this effect. Methods In this in vitro study, Kinetic measurements were performed in 4 different inhibitor concentrations and 5 different xanthine concentrations (60, 100, 200, 300, 400 μmol/L). Dixon and Lineweaver-Burk plot analysis were used to determine Ki values and the inhibition mode for the compounds isolated from Gnaphalium affine extract. Results Four potent xanthine oxidase inhibitors were found in 95% ethanolic (v/v) Gnaphalium affine extract. Among them, the ?avone Eupatilin exhibited the strongest inhibitory effect on XO with a inhibition constant (Ki) of 0.37 μmol/L, lower than the Ki of allopurinol (4.56 mol/L), a known synthetic XO inhibitor. Apigenin (Ki of 0.56 μmol/L, a proportion of 0.0053‰ in Gnaphalium affine), luteolin (Ki of 2.63 μmol/L, 0.0032‰ in Gnaphalium affine) and 5-hydroxy-6,7,3’,4’-tetramethoxyflavone (Ki of 3.15 μmol/L, 0.0043‰ in Gnaphalium affine) also contributed to the inhibitory effect of Gnaphalium affine extract on XO activity. Conclusions These results suggest that the use of Gnaphalium affine in the treatment of gout could be attributed to its inhibitory effect on XO. This study provides a rational basis for the traditional use of Gnaphalium affine against gout.

Key words: xanthine oxidase, gout, uric acid, gnaphalium affine

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