Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 76-83.doi: 10.24920/003611

• Perspectives • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare and Medicine: Promises, Ethical Challenges and Governance

Guan Jian1, 2, *()   

  1. 1. Clinical Center, the National Scientific Data Sharing Platform for Population and Health
    2. Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China;
  • Received:2019-05-05 Accepted:2019-05-31 Online:2019-06-30 Published:2019-06-07
  • Contact: Guan Jian E-mail:gjpumch@126.com

Abstract:

Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly being applied to a wide range of fields, including medicine, and has been considered as an approach that may augment or substitute human professionals in primary healthcare. However, AI also raises several challenges and ethical concerns. In this article, the author investigates and discusses three aspects of AI in medicine and healthcare: the application and promises of AI, special ethical concerns pertaining to AI in some frontier fields, and suggestive ethical governance systems. Despite great potentials of frontier AI research and development in the field of medical care, the ethical challenges induced by its applications has put forward new requirements for governance. To ensure “trustworthy” AI applications in healthcare and medicine, the creation of an ethical global governance framework and system as well as special guidelines for frontier AI applications in medicine are suggested. The most important aspects include the roles of governments in ethical auditing and the responsibilities of stakeholders in the ethical governance system.

Key words: artificial intelligence, medical ethics, ethical governance, machine learning, brain-computer interaction, brain-inspired computer, robots, biohybrids

Copyright © 2018 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. All right reserved.
 
www.cmsj.cams.cn
京公安备110402430088 京ICP备06002729号-1  Powered by Magtech.

Supervised by National Health & Family Plan Commission of PRC

9 Dongdan Santiao, Dongcheng district, Beijing, 100730 China

Tel: 86-10-65105897  Fax:86-10-65133074 

E-mail: cmsj@cams.cn  www.cmsj.cams.cn

Copyright © 2018 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences

All right reserved.

京公安备110402430088  京ICP备06002729号-1