Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (3): 180-184.doi: 10.1016/S1001-9294(14)60065-1

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Extrathyroidal Implantation of Thyroid Hyperplastic/neoplastic Cells after Endoscopic Thyroid Surgery

Cao Xi, Xie-qun Xu*, Tao Hong, Bing-lu Li, Wei Liu   

  1. Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China
  • Published:2014-09-29 Online:2014-09-29
  • Contact: *Corresponding author Tel: 86-13611011859, E-mail:

Objective To report a case of the implantation of thyroid hyperplastic or neoplastic tissue after endoscopic thyroidectomy and discuss this complication in aspects of prevalence, pathogenesis, protection, and therapies. Methods A systematic search of literature from the PubMed database was conducted for identifying eligible studies on implantation of thyroid hyperplastic or neoplastic cells after endoscopic thyroid surgery. Results Overall, 5 reported cases on patients suffering from endoscopic thyroid surgery with implantation of thyroid hyperplastic or neoplastic cells were included in the systematic review. Conclusions Unskilled surgeons, rough intraoperative surgical treatment, scarification or rupture of tumor, contamination of instruments, chimney effect, aerosolization of tumor cells may be associated with the implantation after endoscopic thyroidectomy. To minimize the risk of such complication, we should be more meticulous and strict the endoscopic surgery indications.

Key words: endoscopic thyroid surgery, benign thyroid tumor, malignant thyroid tumor, subcutaneous tissue, implantation

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