Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ›› 2022, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (3): 228-233.doi: 10.24920/004151

• 科学数据共享与重用: 观点 • 上一篇    下一篇

中医药领域本体研究现状与思考

朱彦1,姚克宇1,彭苏元2,3,杨啸林4,*()   

  1. 1中国中医科学院中医药信息研究所,北京100700,中国
    2北京大学健康医疗大数据国家研究院,北京100191,中国
    3北京大学公共卫生学院,北京100191,中国
    4中国医学科学院基础医学研究所,北京协和医学院基础学院,北京100005,中国
  • 收稿日期:2022-08-04 接受日期:2022-09-14 出版日期:2022-09-30 发布日期:2022-09-26
  • 通讯作者: 杨啸林 E-mail:yangxl@pumc.edu.cn

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Domain Ontology: Current Status and Rethinking for the Future Development

Yan Zhu1,Keyu Yao1,Suyuan Peng2,3,Xiaolin Yang4,*()   

  1. 1Institute of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China
    2National Institute of Health Data Science, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China
    3School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China
    4Institute of Basic Medical Sciences Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medicine, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100005, China
  • Received:2022-08-04 Accepted:2022-09-14 Published:2022-09-30 Online:2022-09-26
  • Contact: Xiaolin Yang E-mail:yangxl@pumc.edu.cn

摘要:

在过去的二十年里,随着中医(traditional Chinese medicine,TCM)信息化的发展,本体的重要性越来越受到重视。然而,TCM本体的发展面临着诸多挑战。首先,由于TCM与当代生物医学认识论不同,现有的顶层本体很难应用于TCM领域知识的表示。同时,TCM领域现有的术语标准、术语集和本体互操作性不佳,数据孤岛现象广泛存在。其次,各类TCM本体的形式化表示仍需要进一步完善。因此,我们提出,应在对现有顶层本体开展深入的理论研究,并对TCM中的重要概念进行重新梳理后提出统一的TCM基础语义框架。在这样的框架下,协同构建TCM子领域本体,并以通用格式进行形式化表示。此外,应通过建立本体研究社区来鼓励广泛的合作,以促进本体同行评审和重利用。

关键词: 本体, 中医, 顶层本体, 领域本体, 语义标准

Abstract:

The past twenty years have seen the increasingly important role of ontology in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). However, the development of TCM ontology faces many challenges. Since the epistemologies dramatically differ between TCM and contemporary biomedicine, it is hard to apply the existing top-level ontology mechanically. “Data silos” are widely present in the currently available terminology standards, term sets, and ontologies. The formal representation of ontology needs to be further improved in TCM. Therefore, we propose a unified basic semantic framework of TCM based on in-depth theoretical research on the existing top-level ontology and a re-study of important concepts in TCM. Under such a framework, ontologies in TCM sub-domains should be built collaboratively and be represented formally in a common format. Besides, extensive cooperation should be encouraged by establishing ontology research communities to promote ontology peer review and reuse.

Key words: ontology, traditional Chinese medicine, top-level ontology, domain ontology, semantic standard

基金资助: 中国医学科学院创新工程(2021-I2M-1-057);中国中医科学院科技创新工程项目(CI2021A05306);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费(ZZ13-YQ-126);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费(ZZ150314);北京大学-百度基金(2020BD032);中医湿证国家重点实验室基金(SZ2021KF10)

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