Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ›› 2014, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 23-27.doi: 10.1016/S1001-9294(14)60019-5

• ORIGINAL ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effectiveness and Safety of Computer-controlled Periodontal Ligament Injection System in Endodontic Access to the Mandibular Posterior Teeth

Quan Jing1, Kuo Wan1, *, Xiao-jun Wang2, Lin Ma1   

  1. 1Department of Dentistry,2Department of Plastic Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China
  • Received:2013-08-09 Online:2014-03-31 Published:2014-03-31
  • Contact: Tel:86-10-69155256, E-mail:wankuo@126.com

Abstract: Objective To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a computer-controlled periodontal ligament (PDL) injection system to the local soft tissues as the primary technique in endodontic access to mandibular posterior teeth in patients with irreversible pulpitis.Methods A total of 162 Chinese patients who had been diagnosed with irreversible pulpitis in their mandibular posterior teeth without acute infection or inflammation in the periodontal tissues were enrolled in this clinical study. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to the position of the involved tooth: the premolar group (PM, n=38), first molar group (FM, n=66), and second molar group (SM, n=58). All the patients received computer-controlled PDL injection with 4% articaine and 1∶100 000 epinephrine. Immediately after the injection, endodontic access was performed, and the degree of pain during the treatment was evaluated by the patients using Visual Analogue Scale for pain. The success rates were compared among the 3 groups. The responses of local soft tissues were evaluated 3-8 days and 3 weeks after the procedure.Results The overall success rate was 76.5%. There was a significant difference in success rates among the PM, FM, and SM groups (92.1%, 53.0%, 93.1%, respectively; χ2=34.3, P<0.01). Both the PM and SM groups showed higher success rates than that of the FM group (v=1, χ2=16.73, P<0.01; v=1, χ2=24.5, P<0.01). No irreversible adverse effects on the periodontal soft tissues at the injection sites were observed in the follow-up visits in any of the groups.Conclusion The computer-controlled PDL injection system demonstrates both satisfactory anesthetic effects and safety in local soft tissues as primary anesthetic technique in endodontic access to the mandibular posterior teeth in patients with irreversible pulpitis.

Key words: periodontal ligament injection, endodontic access, irreversible pulpitis

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