Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (4): 207-212.doi: 10.1016/S1001-9294(17)30002-0

• Original Articles •     Next Articles

Expression of miRNA-140 in Chondrocytes and Synovial Fluid of Knee Joints in Patients with Osteoarthritis

Hai-bo Si1, 2, Yi Zeng1, Zong-ke Zhou1, Fu-xing Pei1, Yan-rong Lu2, Jing-qiu Cheng2, Bin Shen1, *   

  1. 1 Department of Orthopedics,;
    2 Key Laboratory of Transplant Engineering and Immunology, Regenerative Medicine Research Centre, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Online:2016-11-20 Published:2016-11-20
  • Contact: Tel: 86-13881878767, E-mail: shenbin_1971@163.com
  • Supported by:
    △Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81672219; No. 81601936), and the Science and Technology Support Program of Sichuan province (No. 2014SZ0023-2).

Abstract: Objective To investigate the expression of miRNA-140 in chondrocytes and synovial fluid of osteoarthritis (OA) patients, and explore the relationship between the miRNA-140 expression and OA severity.Methods This study enrolled 30 OA patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty for chondrocytes sampling and 30 OA patients who underwent intra-articular injection for synovial fluid sampling. All OA patients were grouped into mild [Kellgren and Lawrence (KL) grade 1-2], moderate (KL grade 3) and severe (KL grade 4), with 10 in each subgroups for each sampling purposes. 7 non-OA patients and 10 patients with knee injury were collected for cartilage and synovial fluid sampling respectively as control groups. Chondrocytes were isolated from the cartilage tissue and cultured in vitro. Quantitative real time PCR for miRNA-140 in chondrocytes and synovial fluid were performed, and the U6 snRNA was used as internal control. The expression difference of miRNA-140 among groups and correlation between the expression and the KL grade of OA were analysed using one-way ANOVA and Spearman test respectively. Results The expression of miRNA-140 in chondrocytes of knees in OA patients was reduced than that in normal knees, and the between-group difference was statistically significant (F=305.464, P<0.001). miRNA-140 could be detected in synovial fluid of both normal knees and OA knees, its relative expression level was reduced in synovial fluid of OA group compared with normal group, and the between-group difference was statistically significant as well (F=314.245, P<0.001). The relative expression level of miRNA-140 in both chondrocytes and synovial fluid were negatively correlated with the KL grade of OA(r=-0.969, P<0.001; r=-0.970, P<0.001). Conclusion miRNA-140 could be detected in chondrocytes and synovial fluid of OA patients, and its expression was negatively correlated with the severity of OA.

Key words: microRNA-140, osteoarthritis, chondrocytes, synovial fluid

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