Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): 77-83.doi: 10.24920/11807

• Original Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Irrationality of Allogeneic Red Blood Cell Transfusion in Intraoperative Cell Salvage Patients: a Retrospective Analysis

Ma Manjiao, Yu Xuerong(), Wang Yi, Huang Yuguang, Lu Sufang, Tian Yuan, Bai Bing   

  1. Department of Anesthesiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China
  • Received:2017-09-25 Published:2018-06-30 Online:2018-06-15
  • Contact: Yu Xuerong
Dose ICS reduce demand of allogeneic transfusion? What was the intraoperative transfusion rate of these patients in a top hospital of China? This retrospective study found the facts and identified the risk factors for irrational transfusion and the importance for clinicians to update their knowledge in the management of transfusion.

Objective Although intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) has been widely used to reduce the demand for allogeneic blood transfusion, patients who use ICS approach still have not completely avoided chances of blood transfusion. This study aims to investigate the rate of allogeneic red blood cell(RBC) transfusion in patients receiving ICS, and to evaluate irrationality of allogeneic RBC transfusion and its risk factors.Methods Medical records of all patients associated with ICS approach from January 2013 to July 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Theoretical hemoglobin level after reinfusion of salvaged RBC at the end of operations was estimated. Irrational transfusion was defined as initiating allogeneic transfusion with theoretical hemoglobin above 100 g/L. The clinical variables, including the surgical department, gender, age, body weight, ratio of blood loss to estimated blood volume(EBV), salvaged blood volume and preoperative hemoglobin level were subsequently compared between patients who received rational transfusion and those did not. Logistic regression was performed to identify the risk factors for irrationality of allogeneic RBC transfusion in these patients.Results Of 1487 patients with ICS approach in this study, the rate of allogeneic RBC transfusion was 31.4%(467/1487), and the rate of irrational allogeneic RBC transfusion was 26.0% (341/1313). Patients with irrational transfusion were younger (t=4.656, P<0.001), with lower body weight (t=3.910, P<0.001) and slightly lower preoperative HGB level (t=2.822, P=0.005) than those with rational transfusion, but had significantly larger salvaged blood volume (U=-10.926, P<0.001) and higher ratio of blood loss to EBV (U=-17.067, P<0.001), disregarding whether they preoperatively met anemia criteria or not (U=-1.396, P=0.163). Preoperative hemoglobin level (OR=1.975, P=0.005) and the ratio of blood loss/EBV (OR=5.392, P<0.001) were independent risk factors leading to the irrational allogeneic RBC transfusion.Conclusions The irrationality of allogeneic RBC transfusion existed in ICS patients, which may be associated with the preoperative hemoglobin level and the ratio of blood loss to EBV. Determining the HGB levels before transfusion is required to avoid unnecessary blood administration. Doctors should keep their knowledge in blood management updated and improve their awareness of rational transfusion for a better patients care.

Key words: intraoperative cell salvage, rational transfusion, patient blood management, preoperative anemia

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