Samples of referring a variety of literatures
When cite a literature in a manuscript, it should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Avoid excessive reference lists.
Chin Med Sci J adopts the standard of reference form by the NLM’s ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals. Below are examples for some common cases that may be of help to the authors. Details of uniform requirement in references could be found in the webpage of Samples of Formatted References for Authors of Journal
1. For journal articles
List the first 3 authors followed by et al.
Portelius E, Zetterberg H, Skillb?ck T, et al. Cerebrospinal fluid neurogranin: relation to cognition and neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease. Brain 2015;138(Pt 11):3373-85. doi: 10.1093/brain/awv267.
Article published electronically ahead of the print version.
Portelius E, Zetterberg H, Skillb?ck T, et al. Cerebrospinal fluid neurogranin: relation to cognition and neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease. Brain 2015;138(Pt 11):3373-85. doi: 10.1093/brain/awv267. Epub 2015 Sep 15.
For non-English journal titles Indicate the language of the article after the location (pagination).
Wilkniss SM, Hunter RH, Silverstein SM. Multimodal treatment of aggression and violence in individuals with psychosis. Sante Ment Que 2004; 29(2):143-74. French.
For journal article with DOI provided.
Bhutta ZA, Darmstadt GL, Hasan BS, et al. Community-based interventions for improving perinatal and neonatal health outcomes in developing countries: a review of the evidence. Pediatrics 2005; 115(2Suppl):519-617. doi:10.1542/peds.2004-1441.
2. For books and monographs
Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002. Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.
3. For conference paper
Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza's computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.
4. For dissertation
Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.
5. For reports
Issued by funding/sponsoring agency:
Yen GG (Oklahoma State University, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Stillwater, OK). Health monitoring on vibration signatures. Final report. Arlington (VA): Air Force Office of Scientific Research (US), Air Force Research Laboratory; 2002 Feb. Report No.: AFRLSRBLTR020123. Contract No.: F496209810049.
Issued by performing agency:
Russell ML, Goth-Goldstein R, Apte MG, Fisk WJ. Method for measuring the size distribution of airborne Rhinovirus. Berkeley (CA): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Environmental Energy Technologies Division; 2002 Jan. Report No.: LBNL49574. Contract No.: DEAC0376SF00098. Sponsored by the Department of Energy.
6. For journal article on the Internet
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12]; 102(6): [about1 p.]. Available from: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htmArticle
7. For monograph on the Internet
Foley KM, Gelband H, editors. Improving palliative care for cancer. Washington: National Academy Press; 2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.nap.edu/books/0309074029/html