Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 76-83.doi: 10.24920/003611

• 观点 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. 1. 国家人口与健康科学数据共享服务平台 临床医学科学数据中心
    2. 中国医学科学院&北京协和医学院 北京协和医院 北京100730,中国;
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-05 接受日期:2019-05-31 出版日期:2019-06-30 发布日期:2019-06-07
  • 通讯作者: 关健

Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare and Medicine: Promises, Ethical Challenges and Governance

Guan Jian1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Clinical Center, the National Scientific Data Sharing Platform for Population and Health
    2. Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China;
  • Received:2019-05-05 Accepted:2019-05-31 Published:2019-06-30 Online:2019-06-07
  • Contact: Guan Jian



关键词: 人工智能, 医学伦理学, 伦理治理, 机器学习, 脑-机交互, 类脑智能, 机器人, “生物杂交”


Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly being applied to a wide range of fields, including medicine, and has been considered as an approach that may augment or substitute human professionals in primary healthcare. However, AI also raises several challenges and ethical concerns. In this article, the author investigates and discusses three aspects of AI in medicine and healthcare: the application and promises of AI, special ethical concerns pertaining to AI in some frontier fields, and suggestive ethical governance systems. Despite great potentials of frontier AI research and development in the field of medical care, the ethical challenges induced by its applications has put forward new requirements for governance. To ensure “trustworthy” AI applications in healthcare and medicine, the creation of an ethical global governance framework and system as well as special guidelines for frontier AI applications in medicine are suggested. The most important aspects include the roles of governments in ethical auditing and the responsibilities of stakeholders in the ethical governance system.

Key words: artificial intelligence, medical ethics, ethical governance, machine learning, brain-computer interaction, brain-inspired computer, robots, biohybrids

Copyright © 2018 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. All right reserved.
京公安备110402430088 京ICP备06002729号-1  Powered by Magtech.

Supervised by National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China

9 Dongdan Santiao, Dongcheng district, Beijing, 100730 China

Tel: 86-10-65105897  Fax:86-10-65133074 


Copyright © 2018 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences

All right reserved.

京公安备110402430088  京ICP备06002729号-1