Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ›› 2012, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 232-236.doi: 10.1016/S1001-9294(13)60007-3

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Normative Measurements of Extraocular Musculature by Multislice Computed Tomography

Zhu-hua Zhang1, Yu Chen1, Yun Wang1, Wei Meng1, Hong-ying Fang1, Dong-dong Xu2, Zheng-yu Jin1*   

  1. 1Department of Radiology,2Department of Ophthalmology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China
  • Received:2012-08-30 Published:2013-01-07 Online:2013-01-07
  • Contact: *Corresponding author Tel: 86-10-69155037, E-mail:
  • About author:*Corresponding author Tel: 86-10-69155037, E-mail:

Objective To establish the normal measurements of diameter of extraocular muscles (EOMs) by multislice computed tomography (CT). Methods Orbits of 50 volunteers (25 male and 25 female) were scanned with a multislice CT scanner. For each subject, one axial image at the central level of the eyeball, one coronal image about 1 cm behind globe, and two oblique sagittal images respectively along the left and right optic nerve were used for measurements of the thickness and width of EOMs. The statistic significance of measurement value between male and female and between left and right eyes was evaluated. Results There were no significant differences in the thickness and width of superior muscle group, lateral rectus, medial rectus, lateral rectus, superior oblique, inferior oblique and the thickness of levator palpebrae superioris between the left and right eyes as well as between male and female groups (all P>0.05). The thickness of superior muscle group and inferior rectus had not significant difference (2.9±0.7 vs. 3.3±0.8 mm, P=0.162), while the thickness of medial rectus was significantly higher than that of lateral rectus (3.1±0.5 vs. 2.2±0.6 mm, P=0.000). Conclusions The CT measurement of extraocular musculature is simple and time-saving and can be applied in the clinical work. The normative data obtained may be useful in determining pathologic enlargement of the EOMs in both thyroid-associated orbitopathy patients and other various orbital conditions.

Key words: computed tomography, extraocular muscle, measurement

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