Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ›› 2023, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 242-249.doi: 10.24920/004219

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Blood Pressure Variability May Be a New Predictor for the Occurrence and Prognosis of Ischemic Stroke

Ke-Qiong Yan, Qi-Si Wu*(), Jun Yang*()   

  1. Department of Neurology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400000, China
  • Received:2023-02-27 Accepted:2023-05-16 Published:2023-09-30 Online:2023-06-09
  • Contact: * Qi-Si Wu, E-mail:; Jun Yang, E-mail:

Despite declines in morbidity and mortality in recent years, ischemic stroke (IS) remains one of the leading causes of death and disability from cerebrovascular diseases. Addressing the controllable risk factors underpins the successful clinical management of IS. Hypertension is one of the most common treatable risk factors for IS and is associated with poor outcomes. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring has revealed that patients with hypertension have a higher incidence of blood pressure variability (BPV) than those without hypertension. Meanwhile, increased BPV has been identified as a risk factor for IS. The risk of IS is higher and the prognosis after infarction is worse with higher BPV, no matter in the acute or subacute phase. BPV is multifactorial, with alterations reflecting individual physiological and pathological changes. This article reviews the current research advances in the relationship between BPV and IS, with an attempt to raise awareness of BPV among clinicians and IS patients, explore the increased BPV as a controllable risk factor for IS, and encourage hypertensive patients to control not only average blood pressure but also BPV and implement personalized blood pressure management.

Key words: blood pressure variability, hypertension, ischemic stroke


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